Amber Post's goal is to teach at a key university,so she went to Princeton University for her master's degree in physics.Now with her Ph.D.just a year away,Postis thinking instead about working for a policymaking agency in Washington.Although Princeton,with Shirley Tilghman as the president,is welcoming tofemale scientists,Post senses that her re-ception in the larger academicworld might be chillier.At famous universities,the percentage of women earningdoctor's degrees in science and engineering is considerably higher than thepercent-age of women professors--whi.ch means that a lot of talented women Ph.D.s like Post leave cam-pus for jobs in government or industry instead ofclimbing the teaching ladder.
Stopping this female brain drain has been achallenge for years.At a recent academic confer-ence,Harvard presidentLawrence Summers suggested that women aren't succeeding because they lackability in math and science by nature.His comments drew immediate criticism.Indeed,scien-tists have uncovered some differences in male and female brains,but it's unclear how these differ-ences affect talent.
Summers proposed two other possible problemsfor women:the conflict between work and life,and absolute prejudice againstwomen(which he seemed to dismiss).Many women scientists blame these twoproblems for the lack of women professors.Junior teachers need to spend their20s and 30s on research and publication.Those are the same years when women havechildren.Time is an enemy for women in other professions,especially law andmedicine.But while women doctors and lawyers benefit from lots of successfulrole models,academic science continues to belong to men chiefly."Theatmosphere isn't compelling or welcoming,"Post says."Too many of myfemale friends drop out of graduate programs simply because the environment isdisappointing,not because they can't handle the math."
Even against this background,there has beensome progress.More universities are pushing hard with stepped-up recruitmentefforts and trying hard to assist staff members with young families.Butultimately,the best remedy against prejudice would be more women on top,like Princeton's Tilghman.
1、Amber Post is thinking about a job ingovernment because __
A.it isthe usual goal of the Ph.D.students at Princeton
B she is doubtful about her future inthe academic world
C.it isdifficult to get a teaching post at major universities
D.shefears that she may not graduate with a Ph.D.degree
参考解析：文章第一段第三句提到“Post senses that her reception in the larger academicworld might bechillier．”由此可知，她自认为在更大的学术领域会受到冷遇，即她担心自己在学术领域的未来。
2、According to the text,the gap inpercentage between women Ph.D.s and women professors indicates that
A.universities lack competitiveness in the recruitment market
B.a lotof women professors have chosen to leave universities
C.few womenPh.D.s are qualified for the competitive campus
D.universitiesare faced with the problem of female brain drain
3、We can infer that the most seriousproblem of women teachers is
A.theirconflict with male colleagues
B.thetrouble in balancing work and life
C.theircooperation with male colleagues
D.thedifficulty in their career advancement
4、The best solution to the female braindrain in universities is to
A.create more academic posts for women
B.offerhelp to women with young children
C.dismissthose with prejudice against women
D.promote more women to leadershippositions
5、According to the writer,Summers'comments on women's ability seem to be based on
A.hisown attitude towards women scientists
B.hisrecent study on women's weaknesses
C.the latest findings about human brains
D.the conventional opinion about talents